Aliya Nurmuhametqyzy Moldagulova
Әлия Нұрмұхамедқызы Молдағұлова
|Born||25 October 1925|
Bulak, Kazakh ASSR
|Died||14 January 1944 (aged 18)|
Novosokolniki, Pskov Oblast, Soviet Union
|Years of service||1942–1944|
|Unit||54th Independent Rifle Brigade|
|Battles/wars||Eastern Front of World War II †|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Moldagulova was born on October 25, 1925, in Bulak, Kazakhstan. She lost her parents during her childhood and was living with her uncle in Alma-Ata. By 1935 she moved to Leningrad where her uncle was enrolled into a Military-transport academy. In fall of 1939, at the age of 14, she was sent to the orphanage from which she was evacuated when the war began in 1942 via Ladoga Lake. After graduating from Vyatka secondary school she received a scholarship to Rybinsk Aviatechnical School on October 1st.
After studying at the Rybinsk Aviatechnical School for three months, she applied for a waiver to join the Red Army. In May 1943, she was enrolled in the Central Women’s Sniper Training School. In July of that same year, after graduating and swearing the military oath, she was deployed with the 54th Rifle Brigade along with her friends from the center where they trained.
In January 1944 her brigade ambushed Germans at the Novosokolniki—Dno railway. Later on, she realized that her commander was missing, and assumed command. After assuming command of her brigade, she inspired her comrades by shouting "Brothers, soldiers, follow me!", and the battalion pressed the attack by overrunning the Wehrmacht position.
On 14 January 1944, during hand-to-hand combat, Moldagulova was hit by a mortar shell and slightly wounded. Despite the wound, she fought off the enemy combatants until she was mortally wounded and no longer able to fight.
Moldagulova was credited with killing 91 enemy combatants in her career.
Statue in Almaty featuring Aliya Moldagulova and Manshuk Mametova