Toru River

Toru River
Sungai Toru, Batang Toru, Air Batang Toru, Air Batang Toroe, Batang Toroe
Toru River is located in Northern Sumatra
Toru River
Location of river mouth
Toru River is located in Sumatra
Toru River
Toru River (Sumatra)
Toru River is located in Indonesia
Toru River
Toru River (Indonesia)
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationNorth Sumatra

Toru River or Batang Toru is a river in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, about 1200 km northwest of the capital Jakarta.[1][2]


The river flows in the northern area of Sumatra with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[3] The annual average temperature in the area is 24 °C. The warmest month is February, when the average temperature is around 26 °C, and the coldest is May, at 22 °C.[4] The average annual rainfall is 3379 mm. The wettest month is November, with an average of 520 mm rainfall, and the driest is July, with 156 mm rainfall.[5]


The river flows at the heart of the area where the Tapanuli orangutan lives, a kind of orangutan which was identified as a separate species in 2017.[6]


The Batang Toru hydropower project has started work on a dam and tunnel, financed by China, which is meant to provide electric power during 6 hours a day.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Rand McNally, The New International Atlas, 1993.
  2. ^ Batang Toru at (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  3. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  4. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  5. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b Leahy, Stephen (9 August 2018). "Hydroelectric Dam Threatens to Wipe Out World's Rarest Ape". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018.