Ivan Sidorenko

Ivan Sidorenko
Born12 September 1919
Glinkovsky District, Smolensk Oblast, Soviet Russia
Died19 February 1994(1994-02-19) (aged 74)
Kizlyar, Republic of Dagestan, Russia
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branchRed Army
Years of service1939–1945
RankMajor
Unit1st Baltic Front
1122nd Rifle Regiment
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union

Ivan Mikhaylovich Sidorenko (Russian: Ива́н Миха́йлович Сидоре́нко; September 12, 1919 – February 19, 1994) was a Red Army officer and a Hero of the Soviet Union, who served during World War II.[1] He was one of the top Soviet snipers in the war, with five hundred confirmed kills.[2]

Early years

Born to a peasant family in Glinkovsky District, Smolensk Oblast, Russia, Sidorenko attended ten grades of school, and later studied at the Penza Art College at Penza, south-east of Moscow. In 1939, he dropped out of college, and was conscripted into the Red Army for training at the Simferopol Military Infantry School, in the Crimean Peninsula.[1]

World War II service

In 1941, he fought in the Battle of Moscow, as a Junior Lieutenant of a mortar company. During the battle, he spent a lot of time teaching himself to snipe. His hunts for enemy soldiers were successful, prompting Sidorenko's commanders to order him to train others, who were chosen for their eyesight, weapons knowledge, and endurance. He first taught them theory, and then slowly started taking them out on combat missions with him. The Germans soon began fielding snipers of their own in Sidorenko's area of operation, to counter the new threat posed by him and his men.[1]

Sidorenko became assistant commander of the Headquarters of the 1122nd Rifle Regiment, fighting as part of the 1st Baltic Front. Though he mainly instructed, he occasionally fought in battles, taking one of his trainees with him. On one of these excursions, he destroyed a tank and three tractors using incendiary bullets. However, he was wounded several times, most seriously in Estonia, in 1944; as a result of which he remained hospitalized until the end of the war. While recuperating from this wound, Sidorenko was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, on June 4, 1944. Sidorenko was prohibited from seeing combat again, by his superiors, as he was a valuable sniper trainer.[1]

By the end of the war, Sidorenko was credited with five hundred confirmed kills,[2] and had trained over two hundred and fifty snipers.[1] Ranked a Major, he was the most successful Soviet sniper of the Second World War,[3] and used the Russian Mosin–Nagant rifle, equipped with a telescopic sight.[4]

Post-war life

After the war ended, Sidorenko retired from the Red Army, and settled down in Chelyabinsk Oblast, in the Ural Mountains, where he worked as the foreman of a coal mine. In 1974, he moved to the Republic of Dagestan, in the Caucasus.[1] He died on February 19, 1994 in Kizlyar, Dagestan.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Sakaida, Henry (2004). Heroes of the Soviet Union: 1941–1945. Osprey Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 1841767697.
  2. ^ a b Haskew, Michael E. (2005). The Sniper at War: From the American Revolutionary War to the Present Day. Macmillan Publishers. p. 74. ISBN 0312336519.
  3. ^ Ridder, Willem (2007). Countdown to Freedom. AuthorHouse. p. 352. ISBN 1434312291.
  4. ^ Westwood, David (2005). Rifles: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. p. 212. ISBN 1851094016.