Nora Pavlovna Chegodayeva (Russian: Нора Павловна Чегодаева; 1905–1971) was a Soviet interpreter and translator. A Red Army officer during World War II, she was one of the organizers of a women's sniper course that became famous after its later reorganization as the Central Women’s Sniper Training School.
She continued to serve in the military after returning from Spain and held several assignments after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in World War II. She served in the intelligence on the Volkhov Front and later organized a women's sniper training course that would become famous after its later reorganization as the Central Women’s Sniper Training School, but was recalled from this position soon after in order to assist the Soviet diplomatic service in Havana with her fluent Spanish when the Soviet Union first established diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1943.
She died in 1971.