Ziba Ganiyeva

Ziba Ganiyeva
Зиба Ганиева (cropped).jpg
Born(1923-08-20)20 August 1923
Shamakhi, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Moscow, Russia
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branchRed Army
Years of service1941–1943
RankJunior Lieutenant
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsOrder of the Red Banner

Ziba Pasha qizi Ganiyeva (Azerbaijani: Ziba Paşa qızı Qəniyeva, 20 August 1923, Shamakhi, Azerbaijan[1] or in Uzbekistan[2] – 2010, Moscow)[3] was an Azerbaijani philologist and a former World War II female sniper (Northwestern Front, 3rd Moscow Communist Rifle Division),[4] accounted for 21 kills and awarded with the Medal For the Defence of Moscow, Combat Order of the Red Banner and the Order of the Red Star.[5]


Ziba Ganiyeva is Azerbaijani by her father and Uzbek by her mother.[2] In 1937, she was admitted to dance courses at the newly established Uzbek Philharmonia. In 1940, she moved to Moscow to enter the Russian Academy of Theatre Arts, but voluntarily enlisted in the army on 7 November 1941, shortly after the opening of the Eastern Front of World War II. She was accompanied by another sniper, Nina Solovey.

During the war, Ganiyeva was a radio operator and a spy who crossed the front line 16 times. She participated in the Battle of Moscow. Ziba's military service was discontinued after she was heavily wounded during the reconnaissance operation in Moscow suburbs in 1942. She was carried off the battlefield and subsequently spent 11 months in hospital.

After the war she continued her postsecondary education and, in 1965, received a Candidate of Sciences degree in philology.


  • Qorkinin dekadentçiliyə və naturalizmə qarşı mübarizəsi (Gorky's Struggle Against Decadence and Naturalism), "Azərbaycan", 1955, №6
  • О сатире Горького в период первой русской революции (On Gorky's Satire in the First Russian Revolution Period), "Литературный Азербайджан", 1955, №12
  • Страницы из истории революционной поэзии на урду (Pages from the History of Revolutionary Poetry in Urdu), "Народы Азии и Африки", 1970, №2

See also


  1. ^ Ziba Ganiyeva
  2. ^ a b Великий разлом by V.Galanina-El Registan
  3. ^ Nazarli, Amina (2 July 2015). "Azerbaijani women snipers: fragile, but fearless". AzerNews. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  4. ^ Azerbaijan Soviet Encyclopedia (1979), vol. 3, p. 137
  5. ^ САВАШ - Военно-исторический сайт (in Russian). Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2008.

External links